An Org. needs people working together, using its resources, towards its goals & mission,  within its framework of methods, rules, and policies.


An Org. is more than the sum of its members and their work. It has a formal, legal existence; it can "die" thru bankruptcy and be "reborn". It can be taken over  by a more powerful org - along with its assets and liabilities. A


Most Orgs. (all 4 types) have employees who do the work and depend on this job for their income/ livelihood.

Unemployment on a large scale is a major societal problem when it happens.

On any scale it is a big personal problem.

The interests of workers and customers or beneficiaries are not always aligned but need to be. Both are important.

The interests of workers and owners (represented by senior managers) are not often aligned. You don't have to be a Marxist or a pro-union leftist to see that. 


WHO BENEFITS and WHO OWNS the Organization?

44 4

4 main categories/types:


Public Sector/Government Orgs.

The nation/state/town/region benefits.

    e.g. Army, FEMA, IRS, EPA, Fire Dept. 

Includes some monopoly utilities (e.g. electric, water suppliers, transit) created by special legislation. 


Private Sector/Business Orgs.

 Owners & investors benefit from profits.

 e.g. IBM, Disney, Exxon, 711, cruise line 

Typically this is where most of the population works, generating most of the economy.

Civic, Charitable Orgs. (Third Sector)

The Org. exists to address a social problem

    e.g. Red Cross, YMCA, Oxfam, PBS

Org. mission determines which target group/problem.

Membership (Mutual Benefit) Orgs. 

"Members only" own and benefit

va e.g. Churches, trade/lobbying associations, unions, co-op houses, country clubs, burial societies, sister/brotherhoods, hobby groups, etc.

   To TOP


Barry Sugarman